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WeblogOz Archive1

Port Pirie - Things To Do
Carn Brae
The National Trust Museum
Port Pirie Golf Club
The Port Pirie Regional Art Gallery
Whyalla - Things To Do
Port Lowly Lighthouse
Cuttlefish Capital Tours
Whyalla Fauna and Reptile Park
Steelworks Tour
Hummock Hill Lookout
Whyalla Maritime Museum
Port Augusta - Things To Do
Wadlata Outback Centre
The Homestead Park Pioneer Museum
Port Augusta Visitor Information Centre
Pichi Richi Railway
The Australian Arid Lands Botanic Garden
Water Tower Lookout
Adelaide - Shopping
Rundle Mall
Boomerang Art - Aboriginal Art Gallery
The Opal Mine
Miss Gladys Sym Choon Emporium
The Myer Centre
Henry Buck's
David Jones
Adelaide Central Market
Adelaide Exchange Jewellers
Burnside Village Shopping Centre
Port Pirie - Dining Out
Port Pirie
Whyalla - Dining Out
Port Augusta - Dining Out
Port Augusta
Adelaide - Things To Do
Adelaide Tours
Koala Air Safari's
Whale Air
The Cedars
Platform 1 Heritage Farm Railway
Woodhouse Activity Centre
The National Motor Museum
Mt Lofty Summit
The SteamRanger Tourist Railway
Just Cruisin 4WD Tours
Cultural Tourism Professionals
Aussie Heritage Tours 4WD
Cudlee Creek Golf Course
Adelaide Sightseeing
Adelaide Dive Centre
Adelaide - Dining Out
Mount Isa - Things To Do
Tourist Information
Tent House
The John Middlen Museum
Kalkadoon Tribal Centre
Tours of Mount Isa
The Buffs Club
Riversleigh Fossils Museum and Tourist Centre
Lloyd of the Outback
Mackay - Things To Do
Forest Flying
Clarke Range
Mackay Town Hall
Lamberts Beach
Harbour Beach
Greenmount Homestead
Grasstree Beach
Eimeo Beach
Dolphin Heads
Golf Courses
Cathu State Forest
Bucasia Beach
Blacks Beach
Artspace Mackay
Ball Bay
Maryborough - Things To Do
Rosehill Homestead
Queens Park In Maryborough
Moon River Gallery
Mavis Bank
Grand Shirl's Doll and Toy Museum
Brennan And Geraghty's Store Museum
Maryborough Heritage City Markets
Barambah Ridge Winery
The Wharf Street Precinct
Bond Store Museum
Baddow House
Toowoomba - Things To Do
Toowoomba Middle Ridge Golf Club
Tenpin Bowling
Adrenalin Climbing Gym
Clifford Park Racecourse
Flypast Museum Of Australian Army Flying
Jondaryan Woolshed
Greenridge Botanicals
Toowoomba Japanese Garden
Toowoomba Regional Art Gallery
Highfields Orchid Park
Steele Rudd's Shingle Hut
Cobb & Co. Museum
Brisbane - Shopping
Brisbane - Things To Do
Queensland Museum South Bank
Hay Cottage Arts & Crafts
Boggo Road Gaol
Watugo Tours
Straddie Kingfisher Tours
Helicopters Brisbane
Champagne Breakfast flights
Roma Street Parkland
Queensland Maritime Museum
Queensland Art Gallery
Parliament House
Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary
Brisbane's Alma Park Zoo
The Brisbane Botanic Gardens - Mt Coot-tha
The Big Pineapple
Australia Zoo
Southbank Parklands
Mount Isa Dining Out
Mount Isa
Mackay - Dining Out
Maryborough - Dining Out
Toowoomba Dining Out
Brisbane - Dining Out
Brisbane City South - Dining Out
Brisbane City East - Dining Out
Brisbane City Centre - Dining Out
Cairns - Things To Do
Paradise Palms Golf Course
Mirage Country Club
Wet Tropics Safaris
Flecker Botanic Gardens
Hartley's Crocodile Adventures
Mt Whitfield Conservation Park
Lizard Island National Park
Green Island National Park
Fitzroy Island National Park
Cairns Beaches
Raft'n'Rainforest Company
Cairns Parasail & Jet skis
Foaming Fury
Cairns Dive Centre
The Cairns Fishing Guide
SS Louisa Calm Water Cruises
Rainbow Cruises
Australian Bluewater Charters
Tiger Moth Scenic Flights
The Minjin
AJ Hackett Bungy Experience
Raging Thunder
Hot Air Cairns
Champagne Balloon Flights
Cape York Motorcycle Adventures
Blazing Saddles
Sunlover Cruises
Passions of Paradise
Tusa Dive
Explorer Ventures
Billy Tea Bush Safaris
Paul's Parchuting
Cairns - Shopping
The Cairns Night Market
Evert Opals
Paragon Jewellery
Studio 8 Glass
Glass Temptations
Reef Gallery
Spirit Of The North Gallery
Bolands Centre
Cairns Central Shopping
The Pier Marketplace
Cairns - Dining Out
Port Macquarie - Things To Do
Sea Acres Rainforest Reserve
Port Macquarie Observatory
High Adventure
Coastal Skydivers
Port Macquarie Bays and Beaches
Port Macquarie Sea Kayak
Port Macquarie Kayak Adventures
Bellrowan Valley Horse Riding
Timbertown Heritage Theme Park
Mid North Coast Maritime Museum
Macquarie Nature Reserve Roto House
Port Macquarie Historical Courthouse
ARK Adrenalin Rush Karting
Billabong Koala And Aussie Wildlife Park
Odyssey Fishing Charters
Ocean Star
Cruise Adventures
Port Macquarie Camel Safaris
Dunbogan Boatshed & Marina
International Fighter Flight Centre
Centre of Gravity - Indoor Adventure Centre
Port Macquarie Golf
Port Macquarie - Dining Out
Port Macquarie
Albury - Things To Do
Albury Regional Art Gallery
Parklands (Albury Wodonga)
Monument Hill Lookout
Ettamogah Sanctuary Inc
Albury War Memorial
Albury Regional Museum
Albury Botanic Gardens
Albury - Dining Out
Katoomba - Things To Do
Balloon Aloft
The Edge Cinema
Leura Cascades
Scenic World Blue Mountains
Norman Lindsay Gallery and Museum
The Purse Museum
Blue Mountains National Park
Katoomba - Shopping
Western Shoe Store
The Original Soap Shop
Scenic World Souvenir Shop
Silvery Moon
Katoomba Camera House
Katoomba Florist
Finest Florist
Katoomba - Dining Out
Wollongong - Things To Do
Greater Union Cinemas
Wollongong - Beaches and Rock Pools
Russell Vale Golf Course
Wollongong Botanic Garden
Wollongong Golf Club
United Divers
Science Centre and Planetarium
Leisure Coast Scootcar Hire
Hangdog Climbing Gym
Adrenalin Sports Skydiving
Illawarra Performing Arts Centre
Wollongong City Gallery
Wollongong - Shopping
Surf, Dive & Ski
Supporters World
Wollongong City Centre & Crown St Mall
Wollongong Central
Wollongong - Jewellers
Danoz Directions
Classic Moments
Granny Mays
M & Michael's Footwear
Athletes Foot
Just Jeans
Jeans West
Rebel Sport
Grace Bros
Best and Less
Lotus Bookshop
Phantom Zone
Angus & Robertson
Wollongong - Pubs and Nightclubs
Wollongong - Dining Out
Newcastle - Things To Do
Outback Art
Newcastle Golf Club
Go Karts Go
Kooragang Wetland
Cooks Hill Galleries
Newcastle Regional Museum
Newcastle - Beaches
Merewether Ocean Baths
Newcastle Ocean Baths
Christ Church Anglican Cathedral
Region Art Gallery
Captain Cook Memorial Fountain
Queens Wharf Tower
Macquarie Pier / Nobbys Headland
Fort Scratchley Millitary Museum
Bogey Hole
Yuelarbah Track
Newcastle Region Maritime Museum
Newcastle - Dining Out
Sydney - Things To Do
Sydney - Beaches
Sydney Tower At Centrepoint
Matilda Cruises
Captain Cook Cruises
Chinese Garden
Taronga Zoo
Sydney Aquarium
Featherdale Wildlife Park
Scenic World
Penrith Whitewater Stadium
Oz Trek Adventure Tours
Oceanworld Manly
Harbour Jet
Fox Studios Australia
IMAX Cinema
Sydney - More Museums
Liverpool Regional Museum
Sydney Jewish Museum
Sydney - Shopping
Sydney - Book Shops
Aboriginal Art Galleries
Sydney Markets
Northbridge Shopping Plaza
The Strand Arcade
The Broadway Shopping Centre
Skygarden Centre
Queen Victoria Building (QVB)
Opera Quays
Harbourside Shopping Centre
Direct Factory Outlets
Sydney - Jewellers
Michael Berton Jewellery
A & H Australian Opal House
Oroginale Jewellery
J K Creations
Sherman Opals
Raphael Jewellers
Taylors Shoes
Begi Shoes
Andiamo Design
Market City
Tradition Country Clothing
Sue Rice Swimwear
Sydney - Shopping Tours
Chifley Plaza
St Ives Shopping Village
That Art of Wine & Food
Sydney - Dining Out
Sydney Dining Out - Sydney West
Sydney Dining Out - Sydney South
Sydney Dining Out - Sydney Northside
Sydney Dining Out - Sydney Northern Beaches
Sydney Dining Out - Sydney Inner West
Sydney Dining Out - Sydney East
Burnie - Shopping
Markets in and around Burnie
Kleins Jewellery
Best and Less
Showcase Jewellers
Kodak Express in K-Mart
Angus & Robertson
Devonport - Shopping
Best and Less
Showcase Jewellers
Kodak Express in K-Mart
Angus & Robertson
Burnie - Dining Out
Devonport - Dining Out
Launceston - Things To Do
Seahorse World
Franklin House
Cable Hang Glider
Under Down Under Tours
Nocturnal Tours
Island Escape Tours
Grubb Shaft Gold & Heritage Museum
Launceston Lakes Trout Fishing
Narawntapu National Park
Launceston Planetarium
J Boag and Son Brewery
The Penny Royal World & Gunpowder Mill
Waverley Woollen Mills
The Queen Victoria Museum & Art Gallery
The Old Umbrella Shop
Aquarius Roman Baths
Tasmanian Expeditions

WeblogOz Archive2

Launceston - Dining Out
Hobart - Things To Do
Despard Gallery
Tasmanian Wild River Adventures
Devil's Playground Ecotours
4X4 tours
Par Avion Wilderness Tours
Tasmanian Seaplanes
The Bligh Museum
Port Arthur
Aqua Scuba
Tasmania Trout & Fly Fishing Centre
Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery
Antarctic Adventure
Bonorong Park Wildlife Centre
Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens
Fudge Factory and Historic Garden Tours
The Cascade Brewery Tours
Cadbury Chocolate Factory Tour
Hobart - Shopping
Treasures Of Tasmania
The Tasmania Shop
The Tasmanian Wine Centre
Aeroplane Records
Penny's Flowers
Masterpiece Fine Art Gallery
Book Shops
Salamanca Market
Hobart - Film, Theatre and Concert Halls
Hobart - Bars, clubs and live music
Hobart - Dining Out
Bendigo - Shopping
Bendigo Pottery Tourist Complex
Big W
Shoe Shops
Bendigo Books
The Bendigo Gold Shop
Bendigo Markets
Lansell Plaza Shopping Centre
Bendigo Marketplace
Bendigo - Things To Do
Goldrush Ballooning Pty. Ltd.
Airsports Skydiving Academy
Bendigo Goldfields Experiences
Life Adventure Park
Ironbark Riding Centre
Chinese Joss House
Gold Mining Tour
Shamrock Hotel Tour
Discovery Science and Technology Centre
Bendigo Double Deck Bus Tours
Sacred Heart Cathedral
The Golden Dragon Museum
Bendigo Tramways
Bendigo - Bars and Nightlife
Bendigo - Dining Out
Ballarat - Things To Do
Swimming Pools
4 Majors Indoor Mini Golf
Midlands Golf Club
Yuulong Lavender Estate
The Tangled Maze
Sovereign Hill
Kryal Castle
Gold Museum
Eureka Centre
Community Adventure Playground
Blood on the Southern Cross
Ballarat Vintage Tramway and Museum
The Ballarat Rail Promotion Group
Ballarat Wildlife Park
Ballarat Fine Art Gallery
Adam Lindsay Gordon Cottage
Ballarat - Shopping
Mt Lonarch Gallery and Lonarch Arts
Shopping Centres
The Embroidery Shoppe
Sovereign Needlework
The Mining Exchange Gold Shop
Woolshed Clothing
Makers on Mair
Gails Patchwork Emporium
Book Shops
Springmount Pottery and Gallery
Ruth Howlett Collectables
Country Mouse
Antique Effects
Ballarat - Dining Out
Geelong - Things To Do
Sea All Charters -seals & dolphins
Shearer's Arms Gallery
Fairy Park
Tiger Moth World Adventure Park
Bellarine Adventure Golf
A Maze N Things
Adventure Park
Koombahla Park Horse Riding
Ocean Grove Nature Reserve
Jirrahlinga Koala & Wildlife Sanctuary
Gabbinbar Animal & Wildlife Park
Serendip Sanctuary
Barwon Park
Barwon Grange
Queenscliff Historical Centre
Barunah Plains
The Heights
Geelong Botanical Gardens
Geelong Naval & Maritime Museum
Geelong Historical Records Centre
The National Wool Museum
Surfworld Australia
Portarlington Mill
Queenscliff Maritime Museum
Narana Creations
Geelong Art Gallery
Old Geelong Gaol
The Ford Discovery Centre
Geelong - Shopping
Suburban Scene
Retail Heart
Bay City Plaza
Planet X
Auburn Antiques
Geelong - Bars
Geelong - Dining Out
Dandenong - Things To Do
Noble Park Swim Centre
Alex Wilkie Nature Reserve
Greaves Reserve
Coomoora Reserve
Burden Park
Dandenong Park
Dandenong - Dining Out
Dandenong - Shopping
Dandenong Plaza
Dandenong Market
Melbourne - Things To Do
Melbourne - Bars and Clubs
Port Campbell National Park
Top Down Tours
Royal Melbourne Golf Club
Yara Bend Public Golf Course
Melbourne by Balloon
Polperro Dolphin Swims
Gunnamatta Equestrian Centre
Ace Hi Ranch & Wildlife
Melbourne City Sights Tour
Melbourne Town Hall
Victoria's Open Range Zoo
Healesville Sanctuary
Melbourne Zoo - Royal Park
Melbourne Planetarium
Luna Park
Phillip Island - Penguins
Polly Woodside Melbourne Maritime Museum
Old Melbourne Gaol
Melbourne Observation Deck - Rialto Towers
Melbourne Docklands
Melbourne Aquarium
Flinders Street Railway Station & Mu
Enterprize Landing Memorial
Crown Casino Complex
Fitzroy Gardens
Melbourne - Shopping
Flemington Up Market
The Sunday Market
Collette Dinnigan
Rochi's Opals
Johnston Opals
Melbourne Central
Shopping Spree Tours
Melbourne Internet Cafe's
Queen Victoria Market
Original & Authentic Aboriginal Art
Caroline Smith Portfolio
Body Map Australia
Aboriginal Art
Melbourne - Dining Out
Kalgoorlie - Things To Do
Kalgoorlie Goldfields Visitor Centre
Kalgoorlie - More Things To Do
Goldfields Air Services
Western Australian Museum
Yamatji Bija - Come Friends! Aboriginal Bush Tours
Geoff Smith's Bush Tours
Goldfields Ten Pin Pool & Snooker Centre
Goldfields Arts Centre
Airfields Horse Riding Centre
Kalgoorlie - Dining Out
Port Hedland - Things To Do
Dingo's Treks
Whale Watching
Eighty Mile Beach
Karijini National Park
Don Rhodes Mining Museum
Royal Flying Doctor Base
The Two Mile Ridge Aboriginal carvings
Observation tower
Port Hedland - Dining Out
Port Hedland
Broome WA - Things To Do
Cable Beach
LizArt Broome Tours
Airborne Adventures
Kimberley Gateway Safaris
Pearl Luggers
Willie Creek Pearls Tours
Broome Camel Safaris
Broome Turf Club
Spirit Of Broome Hovercraft Flights
Broome WA - Dining Out
Broome WA - Shopping
Bright Eyes Sunglasses
Monsoonal Blues gifts & homewares
Broome Threads
Chinatown Natural Healing Centre
Georgia Morgan
LizArt Broome Tours
Willie Creek Pearls
Deep Sea Moonlight Pearls
Macs Art Shoppe
Harambee Hair International
Boulevard Shopping Centre
Fremantle- -Things To Do
Trams West Pty Ltd
Fremantle Arts Centre
Rottnest Island
Whalers Tunnel
Round House
The Moores Building
The Shipwrecks Museum
The Maritime Museum
Fremantle History Museum
Army Museum
Spare Parts Theatre Company
Harbour Theatre Company
Deckchair Theatre Company
Dancing and Bars
Fremantle Cinemas
Rottnest Island Ecoboat
Rottnest Yacht Charters
Fremantle Prison
Fremantle - Shopping
More Shops
Book Stores
Creative Native
Japingka Gallery
Bannister Street Craftworks
E Shed Markets
Fremantle Markets
Fremantle - Dining Out
Perth - Things To Do
Perth - Things To Do - In and On The Water
Perth - Things To Do - In The Air
Perth - Things To Do - On the Land
West Australian Paragliding Academy
WA Skydive Academy
Griffin Helicopters
Preston Helicopter Services
Windward Balloon Adventures
Rottnest Air-Taxi
Active Safaris
The Calamunnda Camel Farm
Swan Valley Tours
Australian Pinnacle Tours
Western Australia Motorcycle Adventure Tours
Swim With Wild Dolphins
Capricorn Kayak Tours
Starsand Yacht Luxury Charter
Western Blue Sea kayak
Boat Torque cruises
WA Fishing Charters
Mills Charters
Deluxe Chauffeured Limousines WA
Academy Limousines
Art Galleries
Paintball Skirmish
Scitech Discovery Centre
Perth Zoo
Marapana Wildlife World
Kings Park and Botanic Garden
Hip-e Club
Dolphin Discovery Centre
Perth Diving Academy
Nitrox Scuba Diving
Exmouth Diving Centre
Dolphin Scuba Diving
Barrakuda Dive Centre
Adventure World
Hoyts Cinema City - Perth
Hoyts CineCentre - Perth
Greater Union Cinema
Fairlanes City
Perth - Shopping
The Bra Bar
Artemis Gifts
Zsu Zsi Hartman Art Studios
The Peter Kovacsy Studio
Indigenart - The Mossenson Gallery
Art Gallery of Western Australia
Stitchers Corner
Lotsa Books
Dymocks Book Store
Dazzlers Acrylic Nails
Australain Souvenirs
Lucy Parrot
A Question of Time
Perth - Dining Out
Alice Springs - Shopping
Alice Springs Discount Souvenir Store
Don Thomas Stockman Outfitters & Saddlery
Desert Wave Australia
Desert Dwellers
Coles - Alice Springs Shopping Centre
Centre Souvenirs
The First and Last Place to Shop!
Ininti Café & Souvenirs
Alice Springs - Things To Do
Alice Springs - Adventure
Murray Cosson's Australian Outback Flights
Glen Helen Resort
Desert Park Transfers
Alice Springs Tour Professionals
Harley Adventures
Alice Springs Balloon Flights
Alice Springs - Places of Interest
Mt Ebenezer Roadhouse
Kings Creek Station
Curtin Springs Station
The Date Farm
Standley Chasm
School of the Air
Royal Flying Doctor Service Of Australia
Red Centre Dreaming
Pyndan Camel Tracks
Road Transport Hall of Fame
Lightning Ridge Opal Mines
Hermannsburg Historic Precinct
Frontier Camel Tours
Central Australian Heritage Railway
Sounds of Starlight Theatre
Alice Springs Turf Club
Alice Springs Telegraph Station
Alice Springs Reptile Centre
Alice Springs Cultural Precinct
Alice Springs - Aboriginal Galleries and Tours
Warumpi Arts
Wallace Rockhole
The Original Dreamtime Gallery
Red Sand Art Gallery
Mbantua Gallery
Maruku Arts Gallery
Keringke Arts
Gallery Gondwana
Aboriginal Air Services
Dining Out
Alice Springs
Darwin - Things To Do
Darwin - Beaches
Darwin - In The Air
Northern Air Charter
Air Ngukurr
Darwin - In and On The Water
Vivs Sportfishing & Wilderness Fishing Safaris
Venture North Australia
Just One More Cast
Davidson's Arnhemland Safaris
Coral Divers Tours
Top Notch Fishing
NT Barra Fishing Safaris
Andros Leisure Charters
Top End Saltwater Adventures
Spirit of Darwin
Darwin cruises and charters
City of darwin cruises
Australian Harbour Cruises
Adelaide river queen cruises
Darwin - On The Land
MGM Grand Darwin
Wildthing Adventure Tours
Odyssey Tours & Safaris
Kimberley Dreams
Rambler Tours
Cobb & Co Coaches
Venture North Australia
Billy Can Tours
Davidson's Arnhemland Safaris
Darwin Golf Club
Aussie Adventure
Buzz Trike Tours
Darwin - Nightlife
Darwin - Dining Out
ACT - Things To Do and See
ACT - Outdoor Activities
ACT - Things to do - Miscellaneous
Zone 3 Canberra Laser Games
Phillip Ice Skating Centre
National Equestrian Centre - Kerrabee
Forest Park Riding & Equitation School
Grand Prix Karting
Bush N' Tucker 4WD Tours
ACT - Ten Pin Bowling
Canberra International Ten Pin Bowl
AMF Woden Ten Pin Bowl
Queanbeyan Ten Pin Bowl
AMF Belconnen Ten Pin Bowling Centre
ACT - Swimming
Phillip Swimming Centre
Oasis Leisure Centre
Murrumbidgee River Corridor
Manuka Pool
Lakeside Leisure Centre, Tuggeranong
Kaleen Swim Centre
Dickson Swimming Centre
Deakin Health Spa
Cotter Reserve
Canberra Olympic Pool & Inshape Health Club
Black Mountain Peninsula
Big Splash Waterpark
Active Leisure Centre
ACT - On The Water
Pratt's Tackle Box
Ocean to Stream Fishing Tours
Manic Adventures
Lake Burley Griffin Boat Hire
ACT - Bush Walking
Uriarra Trail
The Bush Experience
Stone Wall
Shepherds Lookout
Remembrance Nature Park
Pinnacle Nature Trail
Pine Island to Point Hut
Murrumbidgee River Corridor
Mulligans Flat
Mount Taylor
Mount Painter
Mount Ainslie
Kambah Pool to Pine Island
Jerrabomberra Wetlands
Googong Foreshores
Ginninderra Falls and Gorge
Gibraltar Falls
Cotter River Walk
Cotter Dam Lookout
Cooleman Ridge
Casuarina Sands
Canberra Nature Park
Blundells' Flat Arboretum
Black Mountain
ACT Forests - Molonglo Gorge
ACT - Ballooning
Dawn Drifters
Balloon Aloft
Adventures Unlimited
ACT - Climbing and Abseiling
Karma Climbing
Fun Factory
Canberra Indoor Rockclimbing
Adventure Consultants
ACT - Science and Technology
National Zoo & Aquarium
National Dinosaur Museum
Mount Stromlo Observatory Visitors' Centre
Geoscience Australia
Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex
CSIRO Discovery
Canberra Observatory and Space Dome
ACT - Museums and Galleries
Tuggeranong Homestead
St John's Schoolhouse Museum
Canberra Railway Museum
Calthorpes' House
Bywong Gold Mining Town
Blundells' Cottage
Nolan Gallery
National Portrait Gallery
Canberra Museum and Gallery
ACT- Places of Interest
Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve
Telstra Tower
ScreenSound Australia
Royal Australian Mint
Parliament House
Old Parliament House
Old Bus Depot Markets
National Museum of Australia
National Library of Australia
National Capital Exhibition
National Archives of Australia
Kamberra Wine Tourism Complex
High Court of Australia
Cockington Green
Australian War Memorial
Australian National Botanic Gardens
Australian Institute of Sport
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Australian Capital Territory
Monday, May 12 2003 @ 02:26 AM BST
Contributed by: admin
Views: 11624


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The Australian Capital Territory is located in south east Australia between the cities of Sydney and Melbourne. The city of Canberra in the ACT is Australia's national capital and the administrative centre for the nation's federal government. Established in 1913, Canberra houses many national buildings including Parliament House, the War Memorial and National Gallery.

Yesterday's Canberra

Explorers Joseph Wild, James Vaughan and Charles Throsby Smith set out from 'Throsby Park' near Moss Vale and discovered the Limestone Plains, following the discovery of Lake George earlier that year. They crossed the stony range of hills beside Lake George and soon reached a point from which they saw what is now the site of Canberra. Next morning the party climbed Black Mountain and in the afternoon followed the Molonglo River upstream to its junction with the Queanbeyan River.

Dr Charles Throsby, ex-naval surgeon turned grazier and explorer, set out from Lake George to search for the Murrumbidgee River which had been described by local Aborigines. Twenty-five miles from Lake George he found vast quantities of limestone, specimens of which he took with him.
Travelling south from the Molonglo River he discovered the Murrumbidgee, which ran strongly to the west Throsby returned to Lake George

'...happy to report that the country is perfectly sound, well-watered with extensive meadows of rich land on either side of the rivers, contains very fine limestone, slate, sandstone and granite fit for building, with sufficient timber for every useful purpose.'
Country of this description, which was the ideal of early pastoralists, did not have to wait long for settlement.

Joshua John Moore took up the first land grant on the Limestone Plains, naming his property 'Canberry' after hearing local Aborigines using the word 'Kamberra' in their conversations. Slab huts were built on the ridge above a bend in the Molonglo River near the site of the present Royal Canberra Hospital. Two years later, Moore applied for more land.

'...The land I wish to purchase is situated at Canberry on the east bank of the river that waters the Limestone Plains above its junction with the Murrumbidgee, adjoining the grant of Mr Robert Campbell. My having had possession of that land upward of three years on which I have caused huts, stockyards etc to be built, and have enclosed about thirty acres, part of which is now under cultivation.'
The area covered by the name 'Canberry' was the basin at the foot of Black Mountain, now partly submerged by Lake Burley Griffin and partly occupied by the Australian National University, stretching back beyond Civic Centre to the foot of Mount Ainslie. Near the site of the original huts, Moore built a pleasant cottage looking over the wide valley towards Duntroon, which, after a varied career of over 100 years as a home stead, rectory and courthouse, was pulled down to make way for the hospital in 1941.

(Inscribed on a fountain in the hospital grounds are the words:

'On this site Lieutenant J.J. Moore, the first settler in this district, built his residence about AD 1826. Some stones from it now form this fountain AD 1954.')
KAMBERRA - this Aboriginal word, spoken by tribes on the Limestone Plains, meant 'a meeting place' either of rivers or of tribes joining together to feast on Bogong Moths in mountains to the south.

Robert Campbell, wealthy Sydney merchant, sent his overseer James Ainslie to collect 700 sheep from the government flocks at Bathurst and to go southward looking for suitable pasture. The land was to be compensation for the loss of his ship 'Sydney' wrecked while under charter to the government to bring food from India.
Aided by Aborigines, Ainslie reached the Limestone Plains and built huts on the slopes above the Molonglo River where the Royal Military College now stands. Campbell applied for and received his grant, naming it 'Duntroon' after the family castle in Scotland.

Things To Do Dining Night Life Accommodation

In 1833, Campbell built a one storey stone home with wide verandahs and a large two-storeyed extension was added by his son George in 1862.

'Duntroon House' became the centre around which revolved the life of the many employees of the station-the manager, the servants, the stockmen, gardeners, carpenters, horsebreakers, shoemakers, masons, brick- makers, tailors and tenant farmers.

Beautiful gardens containing many fine trees were planted around the homestead, an intricate maze was set out, and an orchard, conservatory, vineyard and dairy farm were established. Duntroon was in fact, a self-contained community.

The house, consisting of twenty rooms with servants' quarters, is a fine example of colonial architecture.

Today it houses the Officers' Mess and the Commandant's office of the Royal Military College. Guided tours of 'Duntroon' are available weekdays at 2.30pm from April to October inclusive.

By this date the best land on the Limestone Plains was being rapidly occupied.
One outstanding property remains as an example of the solid gracious homes erected by the settlers as they made a success of their grazing ventures. It bears the name of one of the original land- owners, John Lanyon, a free settler who stayed only three years in Australia. With the brothers James and William Wright, he used convict labour to establish the pastoral industry in the valley of the Murrumbidgee River.

The cluster of early buildings in the courtyard of Lanyon Homestead bear witness to the self-sufficiency of the early settlers in what was then a remote area. Here are the dairy, workers' barracks, storerooms, and kitchen built from stone and wood quarried and cut on the property. The turret of the ivy-covered kitchen holds a bell which was rung to call the shepherds and labourers to their work.

In 1848 Lanyon was sold to Andrew Cunningham, a Scot who gave up a career in banking to try his hand at sheep-farming in Australia. His progressive methods proved successful; and in 1859 he built the older part of the existing homestead in a simple and elegant style, and here he and his wife Jane raised their eight children. In 1905 their third son, A J Cunningham, extended the house on the occasion of his marriage, and it acquired the form it has today.

The interior of the homestead is being painstakingly restored, and each section is being decorated and furnished in the style of the time when it was built. The garden with its fine trees, flower and vegetable beds provides a restful setting for the house and outbuildings.

(A visit to Lanyon is a pleasant experience. The homestead, courtyard, garden and the new Nolan Gallery nearby, can all be inspected Tuesday to Sunday and public holidays 10am-4pm).

Saint John's Church of England was completed, becoming the centre of village life in the infant Canberra.

The site of St John's, on a hill overlooking the Molonglo River and part of 'Duntroon' was donated by the Campbell family together with $2 000 towards building costs.

Materials were obtained locally, bluestone from near Mount Pleasant, sandstone from Black Mountain. Interior furnishings were of cedar and the roof of shingles.

The interior of St Johns today has many features of interest - there are memorials to early residents and the east window, above the altar, a memorial to Robert Campbell is one of the first stained-glass windows made in Australia.

Many pioneers of Canberra lie at rest in the graveyard. The oldest marked grave is the Guise family vault (1844) and there are seven descendants of the Campbell family in a special hedged enclosure.

Close by St John's Church stands Canberra's first and only school from the early 1840s until 1880 when a State school was opened at Acton.

The schoolmaster was also Parish Clerk and lived in rooms attached to the school. Enrolments varied from 23 pupils in 1859 to 49 in 1865.

Today the schoolhouse has been restored and, staffed by volunteers, it is open as a museum of school life in the Canberra of a hundred years ago. A visit is a memorable experience. Open Wednesday morning 10am - 12noon, Saturday and Sunday 2pm-4pm and by special arrangement for groups.

Blundell's Farmhouse, today cared for by Canberra and District Historical Society, was built by the Campbells of 'Duntroon' as a home for their head ploughman.
The stone is the same as that used in St John's Church and Schoolhouse, locally quarried from Black Mountain and Mount Ainslie, its colours varying from the sunny gold of sandstone to a rock of contrasting darker reddish-purple colour.

It was built close to the ground at front, with steps at the rear where the land sloped away towards the nearby Molonglo River. The doorways were low and windows small. The roof was shingled and a narrow verandah added because of the warm Australian sunshine.

Ploughman William Ginn and his family were the first to live in the farmhouse, departing ten years later when they moved to their own selection.

George Blundell and his family were the second residents, moving in through the sixties and living there for fifty years, hence the naming of the farmhouse. Eight children were born and raised there in that period. Blundell worked for the Campbells as their bullock driver and his talents included leather-working and bee keeping. His wife Flora was the local midwife.

Visitors today can inspect the parlour, the main bedroom, the original kitchen, the girls' bedroom, the new kitchen, the shed and the garden, all featuring items of great interest, displayed as they would have been used last century.

(Blundell's Farmhouse is open every afternoon from 2.00pm-4.00pm as well as Wednesday mornings 10.00am- 12noon).

1860 - 1900
Transport and communications linking Canberra and Sydney gradually improved although a traveller in 1872 remarked that the road was very rough and in places there seemed to be no road at all only a dry watercourse. At first all goods had to be transported by bullock wagon.
Horse drays came in the fifties and wagons a few years later.

The railway reached Goulburn in 1869 and Yass in 1876. Queanbeyan was linked to Goulburn by a coach service. Post offices were established at Ginninderra, north of Black Mountain, in 1859, at Lanyon in 1860 and at Canberra, near the present Hotel Ainslie, in 1863.

The way of life changed gradually as farming and grazing techniques improved. Hand-tools were replaced by primitive machinery and, as paddocks were fenced, a small number of boundary-riders could do the work of a multitude of shepherds who led their flocks out to graze each day and returned them to the folds at night.

The best land was concentrated in the hands of a small number of wealthy families who added to their holdings by purchase and intermarriage. 'Yarralumla', today the official residence of the Governor- General, was purchased in 1881 by Frederick Campbell grandson of Robert Campbell of 'Duntroon', and it soon became one of the finest properties in New South Wales.

One great contribution to agriculture occurred in the Canberra area through the 1880s. William Farrer settled at 'Lambrigg' near Tharwa and for the next eleven years he carried out experiments to produce varieties of wheat resistant to drought and rust, suitable to the varying conditions of Australian farming - experiments that laid foundations of the modem Australian wheat industry.

However, by the end of the century life had changed only a little from the days of the pioneering settlers on the Limestone Plains.

January 1 - 'Federation'- the Commonwealth of Australia was established, assented to by Queen Victoria signing the Constitution Act. A home for the national government must be established and the following conditions governed choice of site: 'The Seat of Government of the Commonwealth shall be determined by the Parliament and shall be within territory granted to, or acquired by the Commonwealth. It shall be within the State of New South Wales and be distant not less than one hundred miles from Sydney.

Such territory shall contain an area of not less than one hundred square miles granted to the Commonwealth without any payment.'

1902 1908
The search for a site for the national capital took place. Forty districts were proposed, 23 of these inspected and the choice narrowed to seven. Albury, Bombala, Lake George, Lyndhurst, Tumut, Dalgety and Yass-Canberra were all examined with regard to adequate water supply, climate and landform suitable for the building of a 'garden city' Finally in 1908 the Yass - Canberra area was selected as it best filled these requirements, and 2368 km2 were set aside as the Australian Capital Territory, with access to the sea at Jervis Bay.
Charles Scrivener, Surveyor-General selected the most suitable area of the territory for construction of the city. He chose the broad flood-plain of the Molonglo River, 550 metres above sea-level with additional land to the north and south including two lines of hills on the north side rising 300 metres above the plain and low undulations adding attractive variety to the southern area.

An intentional competition for a city plan was launched, attracting 137 entries. First prize was awarded to American landscape architect Walter Burley Griffin from Chicago whose plan established a city for a population of 25 000 which he expected in time would grow to 75 000.
Griffin's aim was to obtain unity by applying the natural advantages of the landform to the civic necessities. How well he combined the distant mountains, local hills, valleys and waterways can best be viewed from Mount Ainslie Lookout or Telecom Tower on Black Mountain.

Griffin's words make interesting reading:

...The site may be considered an irregular amphitheatre with Mount Anslie at the north-east, flanked by Black Mountain and Mount Pleasant all forming the top galleries; with the slopes to the water, the auditorium - the waterway and flood-basin, the arena; with the southern slopes reflected in the basin, the terraced stage and setting of monumental Government structures sharply defined rising tier on tier to the culminating highest internal hill, Capital Hill; and with Mugga Mugga, Red Hill and the blue distant mountain ranges forming the back scene of the theatrical whole..."
Dominating Griffin's plan was a central artificial lake and a 'parliamentary triangle' in which the most important national buildings were to be placed. The surrounding residential areas had a geometric street pattern, circular and radial in shape, all fitting well into the general topography.

On 12 March, Canberra was formally named at the laying of a foundation stone on Capital Hill. Griffin arrived in October as Federal Director of Design and Construction - development of the city was ready to begin.

1914 - 1918
World War I, changes of government and lack of money slowed progress of the city but several major works were undertaken. In 1914 the railway was extended from Queanbeyan to the south-east comer of Canberra, a power station was built at Kingston, brick-works were opened at Yarralumla and in 1915 Cotter Dam was completed.

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Walter Burley Griffin left Canberra with the framework of the plan established on the ground, but disappointed at the lack of progress and frustrated by repeated efforts to change his city plan.

1921 - 1930
Under the guidance of the Federal Capital Advisory Committee construction progressed slowly. Road and sewerage layouts continued, tree planting was carried out, Parliament House constructed. Shops were built at Civic, Manuka and Kingston; offices, hostels and houses completed for 1100 public servants.

1930 - 1956
The years of the Depression, World War II and post-war shortages caused a lengthy period of stagnation in development, and only a small number of national projects were brought to fruition, including the Australian War Memorial (1941) and the Australian-American Memorial (1954).

Today's Canberra

The Federal Government under Robert Menzies established the National Capital Development Commission (NCDC) to create a capital city of which all Australians would be proud.
The Commission had a four-fold task: to complete the establishment of Canberra as seat of government; to develop it fully as the administrative centre; to create the buildings, avenues, lakes, parks and other features appropriate to Australia's national capital and to design living areas with high standard of amenities and attractive surroundings.

In its first twenty years, NCDC was responsible for a number of major projects. Russell Offices for the Department of Defence were built flanking the Australian American Memorial at the end of Kings Avenue. Kings Avenue Bridge (1962) and Commonwealth Avenue Bridge (1963) provided dignified crossings which allowed Lake Burley Griffin to be formed in 1963. Anzac Parade was developed in 1965 to commemorate the jubilee of the Gallipoli campaign, the Royal Australian Mint ( 1965), the National Library ( 1968), the National Botanic Gardens, the Carillon and Captain Cook Memorial Jet (1970). Between 1961 and 1965 new office blocks, retail stores, banks, theatres and law courts filled in most of the empty areas around Civic Centre.

Canberra was growing so rapidly because of the transfer of Public Service departments in the 1960s that new residential areas had to be developed, either by increasing the density of the existing city - areas and allowing a sprawl of suburbs to take place as in other Australian cities; or by planning new towns (satellite cities) adjacent to North and South Canberra.

The first new town, Woden was begun 12 km south of Civic Centre and an adjoining valley, Weston Creek was later added to accommodate more than 60 000 people. Woden-Weston Creek today has its own town centre, a major employment area with around 8000 people currently engaged in government administration, retail and service trades activities.

Tuggeranong, the third new town, was commenced south of Woden-Weston Creek in a series of valleys, ridges and hills intersected by the Murrumbidgee River. Rugged mountain ranges often snow-capped in winter, provide a dramatic backdrop to Tuggeranong, which will eventually have a population of around 100 000.

Gungahlin, the fourth new town, north of Canberra City, was begun. So far only the Mitchell Industrial Estate has been developed, but eventually Gungahlin's population could grow to 85 000.
The four satellites are being built with many of the characteristics of independent cities with their own commercial employment and retail centres, each having the potential to develop its individual character. All are linked by a comprehensive transportation system including roads, cycleways and an intertown public transport network and each accommodates some of the national capital functions of Canberra.

The most important functions of the national capital are associated with government. Australia now has a striking new Parliament House, undoubtedly one of the world's most impressive buildings.
It was opened by the Queen in May 1988 and superseded the temporary House (opened in 1927) which was simply too small to comfortably accommodate the Members, Senators and their staffs along with the press corps and administrative personnel.

The design for the new building by American firm Mitchell Giurgola in partnership with Australian- born architect Richard Thorp was selected in 1980 from 329 entrants in a world- wide competition.

Situated on Capital Hill, Canberra's focal point, the new building has been designed not to impose over the landscape but to merge into the profile of the hill itself.

The circular form of Capital Hill is suggested in two planes-along the majestic curved walls and over the gentle rise of the central roof, which is covered in lawn, recalling the original hilltop.

The flag mast is the pinnacle of the building, standing 81 metres above the roof and flies a huge Australian flag, about the size of a double-decker bus.

Government offices are dotted around the lake, in the city, Belconnen, Woden and Tuggeranong.

The Chief Justice and six other Justices dispense the law within the eye-catching High Court building.

More than sixty countries have established diplomatic missions in Canberra. Most are within close range of the parliamentary triangle in choice residential areas. Many of these chancelleries and residences are constructed in the architecture of their homeland and are a distinctive feature of Canberra.

A number of national institutions have been established in the capital - the National Library, the National Gallery, the National University, the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, the Academy of Science and the National Science and Technology Centre to name but a few.

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National organisations that require frequent contact with politicians and administrators have established their headquarters in Canberra. In one small area of Barton are the national headquarters of the three major political parties, the Institution of Engineers, the Chamber of Manufactures, the National Farmers' Federation and the National Press Club.

Canberra is the natural location for a number of national memorials. The Australian War Memorial stands majestically at the foot of Mount Ainslie overlooking a wide avenue of Anzac Parade. The Australian-American Memorial in the heart of the defence complex at Russell Hill commemorates the United States' contribution towards Australia's defence in World War II. The Captain Cook Memorial near Regatta Point marks the bicentenary of the discovery of Australia's east coast.

Eighty years ago Canberra did not exist. Today it is a beautiful city, befitting the capital of a young and prosperous Australia. The site of the city has been enhanced by the planting of more than twelve million trees, by the creation of its attractive lakes, by fine buildings and careful planning.


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